Land Use 2021 - Session 8


June 14, 2021 (Monday) - 10 to 11:30 PM MDT




Session leader: Vic Adamowicz, University of Alberta

Canada has significant but inconsistent experience with offsetting at the federal, provincial and municipal level with respect to fish habitat, wetlands and species at risk. Several corporations have voluntarily sought to offset their impacts on biodiversity.

There is interest in several jurisdictions in expanding the use of offsetting, particularly with respect to caribou and boreal forest restoration and native grasslands. This session will explore the Canadian experience to date and seek to draw lessons about how offsetting might effectively be used in the future.


  • Carol Stefan, City of Calgary, “Municipal Offsets: Balancing conservation and responsible development”
  • Gillian Kerr, Dalhousie University, “Alberta's learning's on MBIs in use and in theory”
  • Karen Stefanyk, BC Ministry of Environment, “BC’s Environmental Mitigation Policy: Challenges and Opportunities for Mitigation and Offsets”
  • Valerie Dupont, University Laval, "The Act respecting the conservation of wetlands and bodies of water: Critical legal analysis of wetland compensation funds in Quebec"





Session leader: Vic Adamowicz

Vic Adamowicz is the Vice Dean in the Faculty of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences, and a Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology, Faculty of Agricultural, Life & Environmental Sciences, University of Alberta. He obtained his BSc and MSc from the University of Alberta (1981, 1983) and his PhD from the University of Minnesota in 1988.

His research has focused on the economic valuation of environmental amenities and ecosystem services and the incorporation of environmental values into economic analysis – with applications to forestry, water quality, air quality, endangered species and agriculture. His research also involves the analysis of choice behavior with applications to food demand, recreation, and environmental quality.

Adamowicz is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Academy II – Social Sciences (awarded in 2007). He became a Fellow of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists in 2019 and a Fellow of the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society in 2011. He was awarded the Canadian Institute of Forestry’s Canadian Forestry Scientific Achievement Award in October, 2004.


Presenter: Carol Stefan

Presenter: Gillian Kerr

Gillian has worked within Alberta’s environment community for almost 20 years as an environmental consultant and with Alberta Environment and Parks. She completed both a masters and PhD focused on Alberta environmental issues. She completed a postdoctoral fellowship with McGill on ecosystem services in working landscapes and is currently doing a postdoc ta Dalhousie University of perceptions of environmental change in Atlantic Canada. She has also been an avid volunteer in her inner-city community in Edmonton. Parks and outdoor spaces around Canada as her ‘church’.

Presenter: Karen Stefanyk

Karen is a registered professional biologist (R.P.Bio.) with over 17 years of experience in the environmental field with formal training in conservation biology through the University of Alberta. She has worked as a consultant for 10 of those years with her main focus on wetland, wildlife and vegetation ecology as part of environmental impact assessments and developing mitigation and monitoring plans. Karen has now taken her field experience of working with different sectors across western Canada and applied her learnings to her current work the province of British Columbia (B.C.). She is fortunate to work and live on the traditional territory of the Lək̓ʷəŋən peoples in Victoria, B.C., Canada. Karen is a Senior Conservation Policy Analyst working with B.C.’s Environmental Mitigation Policy (EMP). In her role she provides expertise to provincial staff and industry and works across sectors to improve the implementation of the EMP. Karen will be speaking on British Columbia’s experience with implementing the EMP, both opportunities and challenges.

Presenter: Valérie Dupont

Valérie Dupont is a postdoctoral researcher at the Faculty of Law of University Laval in Quebec. Her postdoctoral research focuses on the implementation of the Quebec Act on the Conservation of Wetlands and Bodies of Water (Bill 132, adopted in 2017), the legal tools at the disposal of municipalities to conserve wetlands on their territories, and the potential and limits of in-lieu fees. She defended her PhD thesis in Environmental Law in March 2019 at the University of Louvain in Belgium, which is entitled “Habitat Banking in the Quest for Effective Biodiversity Offsets: Comparative Legal Analysis of the Schemes in place in the United States and Australia in view of their Potential Establishment in the European Union”. During her PhD, she wrote several articles on nature conservation law, biodiversity offsets and ecological restoration. She is also a lecturer in Environmental Law at the University of Louvain.